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Importance of Including Oceans In Climate Agreements

There was a lot of discussion on the emission of greenhouse gases in climate change, but all these are mainly related to emissions only on land. Surprisingly, it has not even included the role of oceans, while oceans have absorbed more than 90 percent of the man-made gases emitted so far. They are playing a more effective role in preventing the climate from overheating. This time the oceans were not included in COP26 as effectively as their role

 

In the recently held Glasgow Climate Summit, there was more effort to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases, that is, there was more emphasis on the atmosphere. This agreement also did not appear to properly underline the role of the oceans in the climate system. In this, where many countries expressed their intention to control emissions from land, but no targets were made for the oceans. But the oceans play an important role in balancing the environment, which is necessary for the survival of humans. It even has an important role in stopping the processes of warming the Earth.

 

In the recently held Glasgow Climate Summit, there was more effort to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases, that is, there was more emphasis on the atmosphere. This agreement also did not appear to properly underline the role of the oceans in the climate system. In this, where many countries expressed their intention to control emissions from land, but no targets were made for the oceans. But the oceans play an important role in balancing the environment, which is necessary for the survival of humans. It even has an important role in stopping the processes of warming the Earth.

 

The potential of the oceans has always been overlooked, this is shown by the fact that since the era of industrialization, the oceans themselves have absorbed 93 percent of human-generated heat. It comprises a third of the total human-generated carbon dioxide (CO2). Its effects were very deep. This caused thermal expansion of water, which increased sea level, acidified the oceans, lost oxygen and many ocean creatures had to change their homes. One danger from this was that it reduced the ability of the oceans to absorb gases.

 

That is why it is necessary that there should be necessary changes in the marine industry. At present, the ship industry alone is emitting the carbon footprint produced by Germany. If it is considered a country, then the shipping industry is the sixth largest emitter in the world. Although it is at the top of the agenda of the International Maritime Organization, targets have not been set to reduce emissions caused by ships.

 

Currently, food systems emissions-based agriculture, fishing, and processed food are responsible for one third of the world’s emissions

That is why it is necessary that there should be necessary changes in the marine industry. At present, the ship industry alone is emitting the carbon footprint produced by Germany. If it is considered a country, then the shipping industry is the sixth largest emitter in the world. Although it is at the top of the agenda of the International Maritime Organization, targets have not been set to reduce emissions caused by ships.

 

Currently, food systems emissions-based agriculture, fishing, and processed food are responsible for one third of the world’s emissions. This includes fish food with sustainable management techniques.

 

The market and technology should be used to manage the mass production and consumption of sea grass. It may be beneficial to restore and protect marine ecosystems such as carbon dioxide-absorbing mangroves, sea grasses and salt marshes. But such systems depend heavily on the health of the ocean system. Plastic pollution is greatly affecting the CO2 absorption capacity of the oceans.

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