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Interesting Revelations For The First Time About  Planet ‘Jupiter’

In a special study of the hot Jupiter exoplanet, researchers have studied its always-day part along with its always-night part. For the first time in such a detailed study, the study of the atmosphere of both parts of the planet has shown that along with steam in its atmosphere, there are also clouds of minerals like iron and corundum.

The purpose of scientists studying exoplanets is to understand the processes of planet formation. With this they can know what are those conditions, due to which the conditions for life to flourish on which planet are created. In this effort, many times unique information related to planet formation and related information is also available. Some such astronomers found in the study of the night part of a ‘Hot Jupiter’ extraterrestrial planet. This is the first time that the atmosphere of an extraterrestrial planet has been studied in such detail.

 

Got so much information for the first time

The Massachusetts Institute of Technology has obtained the clearest information ever of the nocturnal part of the planet tied to its tidal star. Such detailed information about the atmosphere of this planet could be extracted only by mixing this information of his and the information of the everlasting part of the planet.

 

Pictures Of Different Areas

Thomas Michal-Evans of MIT’s Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, who led the study, said, “We are now going to study this planet’s atmosphere as a three-dimensional system after taking different pictures of specific areas of the planet’s atmosphere.  

Orbit Star In Just 30 Hours

According to this study published in Nature Astronomy, WASP-121b is a planet twice the size of Jupiter. This very hot planet is located 850 light years away from Earth. Its orbit is the shortest of the planets discovered so far and it orbits its star in only 30 hours. Not only this, it is also tidally tied to its star, due to which it is always day in one part and night is always in the other part.

WASP-121b was discovered in the year 2015. Hot Jupiter planets are famous for their bright day part, but their night part is very different. The night side of WASP-121b is ten times dimmer than the day side. Astronomers had earlier detected the presence of steam on the planet and showed how atmospheric temperature changes with altitude during part of the day.

But in the new study, the researchers traced similar temperature changes from day to night and how water circulates during the day and night part. Where the processes of evaporation, condensation and precipitation work in the Earth’s water cycle, the water cycle in WASP-121b is very rapid. Due to the temperature of 3 thousand degrees Kelvin in the day part, the water molecules get separated and go to the night part. Where the cold meets, hydrogen and oxygen become water and flow through the air and go back to the part of the day.

During this process the wind blows at the rate of 5 kilometers per second. It has also been found that water itself does not transmit with the air all over the planet. The rather cold part also contains clouds of iron and corundum minerals. Corundum is the mineral from which rubies and sapphires are made. These clouds also become gases of metals in the day part like steam and in the night, liquid gems rain from corundum clouds.

 

What the scientists saw is the process of formation of black hole

The researchers used spectrometry to study WASP-121b. With this technique, astronomers observe the day parts of the extraterrestrials. But for the information of the night part, a finer observation is needed. In their study, the researchers observed two complete orbits of WASP-121b and made a temperature map, which they tested with many patterns and found that iron corundum and titanium may be present in its night side. 

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