MicroRobots to treat Brain Diseases
Now robots will be sent to the brain: the size is so small that it will reach the body through injection, treat mental diseases
Sending robots into human brains to cure mental illnesses sounds like the story of a science fiction movie, but Bionaut Labs, based in California, USA, is working to make it a reality. According to the company, clinical trials of this technology on humans will also be done in the next two years.
Robots will be sent through injection
Microrobots are small metal cylinders shaped like bullets that follow a pre-programmed path. According to Michael Schpigelmacher, CEO of Bionaut Labs, these robots are so tiny that they can be injected into the human body with the help of injection. These can then be guided towards the brain with the help of magnets.
Michael says the best example of microrobots is the 1966 film Fantastic Voyage, in which a team of scientists travels to a microscopic spaceship to repair blood clots inside the brain.
How do microrobots work?
Magnetic energy has been used to send robots towards the brain.
Bionaut Labs has developed the robots in collaboration with Germany’s Max Planck Research Institute. To send the robots to the brain, they used magnetic energy instead of ultrasonic or optical energy, because it does not harm the body.
These magnetic coils were placed on the patient’s head and linked to a computer. With its help, robots can be moved in the right direction and the affected part of the brain can be fixed. This complete device can be easily carried anywhere and it uses 10 to 100 times less electricity than MRI scan.
Microrobots will cure major diseases
Microrobots may also be used to treat cancer tumors, epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease and stroke in the brain.
According to the report of news agency AFP, microrobots will be able to cure Dandy-Walker syndrome. It is a congenital disease, due to which fluid starts filling inside the brain and cysts up to the size of a golf ball also start growing. Due to this the pressure on the brain increases and the balance between the mind and body is not able to settle. Microrobots may also be used to treat cancer tumors, epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease and stroke in the brain.
Michael says that his company has already used this technology on large animals such as sheep and pigs. Trial results show that the technology is safe for humans as well. Baynot Labs received approval from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) last year.