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Research Report- Tonnes of Garbage Spread through Face Masks and Gloves During the Corona Period

A research published in the journal ‘Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences’ revealed that a significant portion of ocean plastic debris could be carried by waves to beaches in three to four years. A small portion of the debris will move into the open ocean which will eventually become trapped in the centers of the ocean basin.

 

Due to the Corona epidemic, more than 8 million tonnes of plastic waste has been generated worldwide. In this, more than 25 thousand tons of plastic waste has gone into the oceans. The research team has reported in its report that the corona pandemic has increased the demand for single-use plastics such as face masks, gloves and face shields.

 

Due to this some part of the waste went into rivers and oceans. covid.jpg This has increased the pressure on an already out of control global plastics problem. The research team from Nanjing University in China and the University of California at San Diego, USA, used a newly developed ocean plastic numerical model to measure the pandemic’s impact on plastics released from land sources.   included the data from the beginning of the epidemic in 2020 to August 2021, which found that the sea Most of the global plastic waste going into the U.S. is coming from Asia, with the majority of hospital waste.

 

The research report stresses the need for better management of medical waste in developing countries. “When we started the calculations, we were surprised to find that the amount of medical waste was much higher than the amount of personal waste from individuals,” said co-author Amina Shortup, assistant professor at UC San Diego.

 

A lot of it was coming from Asian countries. The biggest source of excess waste, said Shortup, has been hospitals in areas that were already struggling with waste management before the pandemic. The Nanjing University MITGCM-plastic model used in the study works like a virtual reality, said Yanxu Zhang, a professor at Nanjing University involved in the report. The model simulates how ocean waves move under the influence of wind, and how plastic floats on the ocean’s surface, decayed by sunlight, is contaminated by plankton, and returns to beaches. and drowns in deep water.

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