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Scientists Discovers ‘Jupiter’s Twin’ Planet with the help of Einstein’s theory

With the help of only three months of data from NASA’s Kepler telescope astronomers discovered an exoplanet like the planet Jupiter. For this discovery, the researchers used the microlensing technique of the great scientist Albert Einstein and also calculated the exact distance of this extraterrestrial planet. This planet is like the master planet of our solar system in terms of mass and second of its star.
Although every planet in our Solar System is different for its characteristics, but the interest of Jupiter is also seen outside the solar system and the main reason for this is that most of the extraterrestrial planets are compared to Jupiter. Happens from now on. Astronomers get to see planets larger than the planet Jupiter, but this time there is a planet similar to Jupiter (identical twin of Jupiter), which has used data from NASA’s Kepler Space Telescope to find it. Not only this, astronomers have also used Albert Einstein’s theory of relativity in its discovery.

What is the similarity with Jupiter
The special thing about this planet is that its weight and distance from your star is similar to that of the master planet of our solar system. The planet, named K2-2016-BLG-0005Lb, was discovered by a team of international astronomers using 2016 data from the Kepler telescope. This telescope has so far discovered 2700 extraterrestrials in our Galaxy Milkyway.

Exact distance detected
This planet has been seen before, but this time it has been found in the confirmed investigation that its distance from Earth is twice the distance detected earlier. Researchers used Albert Einstein’s theory of relativity, along with the gravitational lensing method, to investigate this planet at a distance of 17,000 light-years from Earth.

 

Effect of Lensing
In gravitational lensing, the light coming from the background star is twisted and the object behind it appears larger in size. The study, led by David Spect, a PhD student at the Jodrell Banks Center for Astrophysics and the University of Manchester, has been published as a preprint at archive.org and submitted for publication in the journal Monthly Netises of the Royal Astronomical Society.

Researchers were regularly studying millions of stars near the center of the Galaxy in Kepler data between April and July 2016. Amon Kerrins, principal investigator of the Science and Technology Facility Council (STFC), which established this project, explained how this three-month data could lead to the correct discovery of this planet.

 

Effect of the star behind the planet
Kerins said that to see the effect, accurate direct vision of the planetary system ahead and the background star is needed. In this way, the effect on the planet due to the star behind is one in crores. But there are also millions of stars near the center of our galaxy. So Kepler was set to see them.

Many teams were investigating the same area of ​​the sky. But being located in space, Kepler was away from obstacles such as weather or daylight, which could determine the mass of this extraterrestrial and the distance of its orbit. Due to its position and weight, it is being called the twin planet of Jupiter. Its weight is only 60 percent of the weight of our Sun. Researchers say that this is the first time that a planet has been discovered through Einstein’s theory of microlensing.

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